Prof. Jennifer Welsh

Jennifer Welsh (Department of Political and Social Sciences)Jennifer M. Welsh is Professor and Chair in International Relations at the European University Institute and a Fellow of Somerville College, University of Oxford. She was previously a Professor in International Relations at the University of Oxford, and co-director of the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict. In 2013, she was appointed by the UN Secretary General to serve as his Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, a position she held until March 2016. Professor Welsh is a former Jean Monnet Fellow of the European University Institute, and a Cadieux Research Fellow in the Policy Planning Staff of the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs. She is the author, co-author, and editor of several books and articles on humanitarian intervention, the evolution of the notion of the ‘responsibility to protect’ in international society, the UN Security Council, and Canadian foreign policy. She was the Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Massey College (University of Toronto) in 2005, and a 2006 recipient of a Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship and a Trudeau Fellowship. In 2014, she began directing a five-year ERC-funded project on the ‘Individualization of War’. Professor Welsh sits on the editorial boards of the journals Global Responsibility to Protect and Ethics and International Affairs, on the steering committee of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences project on Ethics, Technology and War, and on the Advisory Board of the Peace Research Institute in Frankfurt. She has a BA from the University of Saskatchewan (Canada), and a Masters and Doctorate from the University of Oxford (where she studied as a Rhodes Scholar).

Personal Webpage

Selected publications:


  • 2016 The Return of History: Conflict, Migration, and Geopolitics in the Twenty-First Century. House of Anansi
  • 2013 Just and Unjust Military Intervention: European Political Thought from Vitoria to Mill. Cambridge University Press (co-edited with Stefano Recchia)
  • 2008 The United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945. Oxford Unviersity Press (co-edited with V. Lowe, A. Roberts, and D. Zaum)
  • 2007 Exporting Good Governance: Temptations and Challenges in Canada’s Aid Program. Wilfred Laurier University Press (co-edited with Ngaire Woods)
  • 2004, 2005 At Home in the World: Canada’s Global Vision for the 21st Century. HarperCollins. New Paperback Edition, 2005. Nominated for Canadian Political Science Association 2005 book of the year
  • 2004 Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations. Oxford University Press (editor)
  • 1999 Empire and Community: Edmund Burke’s Writings and Speeches on International Relations. Westview Press (co-edited with David Fidler)
  • 1995 Edmund Burke and International Relations. Macmillan/St. Martin’s Press.
Journal Articles:
  • J. Welsh, ‘The Responsibility to Protect after Libya and Syria’, Daedalus, Vol. 145, No. 4 (Fall 2016), pp. 75-87
  • J. Welsh, ‘The Responsibility to Prevent: Assessing the Gap between Rhetoric and Reality’, Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. 51, No. 2 (2016), pp. 216-232
  • J. Welsh, ‘The Responsibility to Protect: Dilemmas of a New Norm’, Current History, Vol. 111, No. 748 (November 2012), pp. 291-8.
  • A. Menon and J. Welsh, ‘Understanding NATO’s Sustainability: The Limits of Institutionalist Theory’, Global Governance, Vol. 17 (2011)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Civilian Protection in Libya: Putting Coercion and Controversy back into RtoP’, Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3 (2011)
  • J. Welsh, ‘A Normative Case for Pluralism: Reassessing Vincent’s Views on Humanitarian Intervention’, International Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3 (2011)
  • J. Welsh and M. Banda, ‘International Law and the Responsibility to Protect: Clarifying or Expanding States’ Responsibilities?’, Global Responsibility to Protect, Vol. 2, No. 3 (2010)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Implementing the Responsibility to Protect: Where Expectations Meet Reality’, Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 24, No. 4 (2010)
  • A. Gheciu and J. Welsh, ‘The Imperative to Rebuild: Assessing the Normative Case for Post-Conflict Reconstruction’, Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 23, No. 2 (2008)
  • J. Welsh, ‘”I” is for Ideology: Conservatism and International Affairs’, Global Society, Vol. 17, No. 2 (2003)
  • J. Welsh, ‘From Right to Responsibility: Humanitarian Intervention and International Society’, Global Governance, Vol. 8 (2002)
  • S. Neil Macfarlane, C. Thielking, and J. Welsh, ‘The Responsibility to Protect: Assessing the Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty’, in International Journal, Vol. 57, No. 4 (2002).
Chapters in Edited Volumes:
  • J. Welsh, ‘The ‘Narrow but Deep Approach’ to Implementing the Responsibility to Protect: Reassessing the Focus on International Crimes’, in Sheri P. Rosenberg, Tibi Galis, Alex Zucker (eds.), Reconstructing Atrocity Prevention (Cambridge University Press, 2016)
  • J. Welsh, ‘R2P’s Next Ten Years: Deepening and extending the consensus’, in A. Bellamy and T. Dunne (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect (Oxford University Press, 2015)
  • J. Welsh, ‘The Morality of Drone Warfare’, in David Cortright et al, ed., Drones and the Future of Armed Conflict (University of Chicago Press, 2014)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Responsibility to Protect and the Language of Crimes: Collective Action and Individual Culpability’, in D. Scheid (ed.), The Ethics of Armed Humanitarian Intervention (Cambridge University Press, 2014)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Implementing the Responsibility to Protect: Catalyzing Debate and Building Capacity’, in A. Betts and P. Orchard (eds.), Implementation and World Politics: How International Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Who Should Act? Collective Responsibility and the Responsibility to Protect’, in A. Knight and F. Egerton (eds.), The Routledge Handbook on the Responsibility to Protect (Routledge, 2012)
  • J. Welsh, ‘The Security Council and Humanitarian Intervention’, in V. Lowe, A. Roberts, J. Welsh and D. Zaum (eds.), The United Nations Security Council and War (Oxford University Press, 2008)
  • J. Welsh, ‘The Rwanda Effect: The Development and Evolution of the Responsibility to Protect’, in P. Clark and Z. Kaufman (eds.), After Genocide (Columbia University Press, 2008)
  • J. Welsh, ‘The Responsibility to Protect: Security the Individual in International Society’, in B. Goold and L. Lazarus (eds.), Security and Human Rights (Hart Publishing, 2007)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Edmund Burke’s Theory of International Order’, in D. Clinton (ed.), The Realist Tradition in Contemporary International Relations (Louisiana State University Press, 2007)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Taking Consequences Seriously: Objections to Humanitarian Intervention’, in J. Welsh (ed.), Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  • J. Welsh, ‘Authorizing Humanitarian Intervention’, in R.Price and M. Zacher (eds.), The United Nations and Global Security (Palgrave/Macmillan, 2004)